According to FamilyDoctor.org, traumatic brain injuries (TBI) can range from mild to severe in terms of effects. These injuries often result from car accidents, but they can also occur because of an assault or sports injury.
Minor injuries typically resolve within weeks. However, severe injuries can result in permanent effects, which require ongoing treatment and therapy to cope with. This guide explains the possible effects of TBI when injuries are severe.
Symptoms of TBI
Symptoms vary depending on the severity of the injuries. With mild injuries, you might experience blurred vision, ringing in the ears, and confusion. However, these symptoms will resolve relatively quickly and not leave any lasting damage.
Moderate to severe injuries can cause persistent headaches, limb weakness, abnormal pupil dilation, problems walking and speaking, slurred speech, and other effects.
When symptoms are lasting, thinking and cognition are often affected. Mood fluctuations may also occur, particularly if the part of the brain-damaged is responsible for regulating mood. Some people also develop issues with anxiety and depression.
Moderate to severe injuries require immediate medical attention. After stabilizing your head and neck, the doctor will assess the symptoms and damage. In the event of a penetrating head injury or skull fracture, you will require likely require surgery.
After receiving immediate care, your medical team will recommend additional treatments, such as physical rehabilitation. Physical therapy can help restore decreased function or allow you to effectively use an assistive walking device. Other types of rehab include speech and occupational therapy.
Some victims of TBI are unable to restore the function of their previous ability. However, with the right medical assistance, they can do on to lead rich and fulfilling lives.